Hawksbill Turtle Habitat
The hawksbill sea turtles are inhabitants of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, although the largest population occurs in the Caribbean Sea and other tropical and subtropical waters.
hawksbill sea turtle specimens have been found in more than 100 countries, yet nesting has only been recorded in 70.
They love to spend their time on coral reefs, rocky areas, and shallow coastal places where sponges are abundant and sandy nesting sites are within reach. For that reason, it is not common to see them more than 65m/213 feet below the surface.
4. Atlantic Hawksbill Sea Turtle
The atlantic hawksbill turtle lives mainly along the American coasts, from southeastern Florida to southern Brazil, including the Bahamas and the West Indies. But more especially the hawksbill sea turtle habitat is in the Caribbean, where there are records in more than 35 countries (CONANP 2010, Meyland, 1999). However, they are not as abundant in the eastern Atlantic. They are rarely seen in the Mediterranean.
The Atlantic hawksbill turtle has its principal nesting centers in the entire northern hemisphere, where Dressel Divers has its dive centers in Mexico: the Yucatan Peninsula, specifically Quintana Roo. This is because, in this area, there find the best of life and abundant reefs. This area constitutes one of the focal feeding grounds in the Caribbean for hawksbills (Cuevas et al., 2006).
Hawksbill Sea Turtle Behavior
5. What Do Hawksbill Sea Turtles Eat?
They mainly consume sponges, being the only known spongivorous reptile. For this reason, their flesh is harmful to humans. Sponges contain toxic chemical compounds which accumulate in the animal’s tissues ant it causes serious illnesses.
But hawksbills not only eat sponges, they also eat mollusks, marine algae, red lobsters, crustaceans, sea urchins, fish, and jellyfish. So, they are omnivorous.
The truth is that their diet is so varied because they live in many places and what they eat differs from one area to another. In addition, hawksbill sea turtles’ diets vary throughout their lives. For example, hatchlings live offshore life and hide in floating algae and feed on the crustaceans, bryozoans, tunicates, and annelids that live in them.
6. Hawksbill Turtle Migration
Hawksbills are migratory animals and travel thousands of kilometers from very distant habitats. In the Pacific, the longest recorded migration has been between 2000 km/1300mi. The hawksbill turtle swam between Australia and the Solomon Islands.
An Atlantic hawksbill sea turtle swam 3000 km/1900mi. between Mexico and the Dominican Republic
Hawksbill turtles migrate great distances in order to travel from feeding sites to reach secluded nesting sites.